Perverting the course of justice
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Perverting the course of justice, in English, Canadian (see article 139 of Canadian Criminal Code), and Irish law, is a criminal offence(การกระทำผิด)in which someone prevents justice from being served on himself or on another party. It is a common-law offence(การกระทำผิด)carrying a maximum sentence of life imprisonment.
Perverting the course of justice can be any of three acts:
- Fabricating (กุเรื่อง) or disposing (จัดการ) of evidence
- Intimidating (ข่้มขู่) or threatening a witness or juror
- Intimidating (ข่้มขู่)or threatening (การขู่เข็ญ) judge
Also criminal are (1) conspiring (สมรู้ร่วมคิด) with another to pervert the course of justice and (2) intending (เจตนา) to pervert the course of justice.
Statutory (ชอบด้วยกฎหมาย) versions of the offence (การกระทำผิด) exist in Australia, Canada, and New Zealand. See, for example, Section 319 of the Crimes Act 1900 (NSW), where the maximum penalty(การลงโทษ) is 14 years' imprisonment.